Malaysia has a high dependence on foreign workers to support its economy, and there are many jobs available for foreign workers in a variety of industries. From construction and agriculture to manufacturing and service industries, foreign workers make up a significant portion of the workforce in Malaysia. In fact, as of 2019, it is estimated that there are around 2.2 million foreign workers in Malaysia.
One of the main reasons for the high dependence on foreign workers is the shortage of local workers with the necessary skills and qualifications. Many of the jobs that foreign workers fill require specific skills and experience that are not readily available among the local workforce. For example, in the construction industry, there is a shortage of skilled tradespeople such as electricians, plumbers, and carpenters. In the manufacturing sector, many companies struggle to find local workers with the necessary technical skills to operate their machinery.
On one hand, Malaysia offers a relatively low cost of living, which can be attractive for foreign workers looking to save money. The country is also known for its diverse culture and friendly people. Additionally, Malaysia has a modern infrastructure and is well-connected to other Southeast Asian countries, which can be beneficial for foreign workers looking to travel and explore the region.
There are several types of visas for foreign workers in Malaysia, each with specific requirements and restrictions. Some of the most common types of visas for foreign workers in Malaysia include:
- Employment Pass: This type of visa is for foreign workers who will be employed in a professional or managerial role with a salary of at least RM5,000 per month. The Employment Pass is typically valid for up to two years and is renewable.
- Professional Visit Pass: This type of visa is for foreign workers who will be working in Malaysia on a short-term, project-based assignment. The Professional Visit Pass is typically valid for up to six months and is not renewable.
- Work Permit: This type of visa is for foreign workers who will be working in Malaysia in a semi-skilled or unskilled role, such as in construction or agriculture. The Work Permit is typically valid for up to two years and is renewable.
- Dependent Pass: This type of visa is for the dependents of foreign workers who hold an Employment Pass or Work Permit. Dependent Pass holders are not allowed to work in Malaysia.
- Residence Pass-Talent (RP-T): This is for highly skilled foreign professionals or experts who intend to stay in Malaysia for a longer period. RP-T is a long-term multiple entry visa and it is valid for up to 10 years.
It’s important to note that obtaining a visa for foreign workers in Malaysia is a complex process, and requirements and restrictions may vary depending on the type of visa, the industry, and the specific job. Additionally, the Malaysian government periodically updates the policies and regulations related to work visa and it’s important to keep updated with the latest information.